Gonfalons, banners which are designed to hang from a crossbar, have historical roots dating back to the 12th century when they served as the official emblems to represent the various districts of Florence, Italy.  In more recent times, gonfalons have been adopted by academia to serve as symbols to represent each college within a university.  The Colleges of Graduate Studies and Research, Arts and Sciences, Business, Education and Human Development, Engineering, Fine Arts and Communication and Honors College all have their own representative banners to be placed on stage.  The dean of each college carries the gonfalon symbolizing her or his respective college in the academic processional.