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Funding Mechanisms:

Each funding opportunity consists of program guidelines, firm eligibility requirements and application materials.


A type of financial assistance used when the purpose is to achieve a specific public purpose, or support or stimulate initiatives authorized by federal or state statute, local governments, foundations, associations, corporations, and other private entities.  Grant terms and conditions usually consist of sponsor or program regulations that are referenced to or included within the document.  Some grant awards take the form of contracts. 


A mechanism used when the principal purpose is procurement of a product or service with specific obligations for both sponsor and recipient. Contracts may be used to outline the terms of a grant award. They constitute a vendor relationship. Typically, the research topic and the research methodology are detailed by the sponsor, often in the Request for Proposal (RFP) which announces the funding opportunity. In general, there are greater performance expectations associated with contracts, including project milestones and detailed deliverables (e.g., reports) with terms and conditions incorporated into the document directly or through reference. The arrangement is usually designed to directly benefit the sponsor by achieving an expected outcome or product through acquisition of property or services.

Cooperative Agreement

An award with the principal purpose of a grant, and the sponsor may be actively involved in proposal preparation and will have significant involvement in research/activities contained within the agreement.

Sub-awards and Sub-contracts

These pass-through awards originate from an entity who has received funds from a sponsor for a specific purpose. These are subject to the same terms and conditions of the prime award to the pass-through entity, plus any additional terms and conditions added by the pass-through entity to ensure effective administration.

Interagency and Interlocal Agreements

A type of document used to establish goods and conditions between two state agencies (interagency) or between a state agency and a local government entity (interlocal). The agreements include specific legal language pertaining to the mutual obligations of each party.

Fixed Price Agreements

Awards used when the University agrees to perform specific work or deliver a specific product within a specified period for delivery. The price is affirmed in advance and approved by both parties and is payable in full regardless of actual incurred costs.

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)

This agreement of cooperation between two or more organizations defines the roles and responsibilities of each with respect to developing a partnership or project. It is designed to document the relationship prior to commencing any actions, is not a legal or binding document and does not contain fiscal commitments or exchange of goods.