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The Crisis in Black Education Executive Summary 2017 The theme for 2017 focuses on the crucial role of education in the history of African Americans. ASALH’s founder Carter G. Woodson once wrote that “if you teach the Negro that he has accomplished as much good as any other race he will aspire to equality and justice without regard to race.” Woodson understood well the implications associated with the denial of access to knowledge, and he called attention to the crisis that resulted from persistently imposed racial barriers to equal education. The crisis in black education first began in the days of slavery when it was unlawful for slaves to learn to read and write. In pre-Civil War northern cities, free blacks were forced as children to walk long distances past white schools on their way to the one school relegated solely to them. Whether by laws, policies, or practices, racially separated schools remained the norm in America from the late nineteenth century well into our own time.

Throughout the last quarter of the twentieth century and continuing today, the crisis in black education has grown significantly in urban neighborhoods where public schools lack resources, endure overcrowding, exhibit a racial achievement gap, and confront policies that fail to deliver substantive opportunities. The touted benefits of education remain elusive to many blacks of all ages. Tragically, some poorly performing schools serve as pipelines to prison for youths. Yet, African American history is rich in centuries-old efforts of resistance to this crisis: the slaves’ surreptitious endeavors to learn; the rise of black colleges and universities after the Civil War; unrelenting battles in the courts; the black history movement; the freedom schools of the 1960s; and local community-based academic and mentorship programs that inspire a love of learning and thirst for achievement. Addressing the crisis in black education should be considered one of the most important goals in America’s past, present, and future. Source: https://asalh100.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/2017-black-history-theme.pdf

A Major Crisis in College Readiness for Black Students

According to a new report, the American College Testing Program’s ACT college admissions test was taken by 2,090,342 students in the high school graduating class of 2016. This is a 25 percent increase since 2012. In 2016, 272,363 Black students who were in the high school graduating class took the ACT test. This is up from 222,237 Black student test takers in 2012. READ MORE: https://www.jbhe.com/2016/09/a-major-crisis-in-college-readiness-for-black-students/

Black-white higher education gap larger today than 50 years ago

In 1962, the year before the March on Washington, about half of all white people over 25 had completed high school but only a quarter of blacks had. Since then, that gap has been nearly erased, shrinking down to about 3 percentage points, but the gap in college completion rates has widened. And for most families, college is the ticket to a middle-class life, improving economic mobility for children and protecting families from financial distress. READ MORE: http://www.urban.org/urban-wire/black-white-higher-education-gap-larger-today-50-years-ago

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

A new report from the U.S. Census Bureau offers a look at racial differences in educational attainment. The study found that 93.3 percent of non-Hispanic White Americans over the age of 25 had graduated from high school. For African Americans over the age of 25, their high school graduation rate is 87.0 percent. READ MORE: https://www.jbhe.com/2016/04/the-racial-gap-in-educational-attainment-in-the-united-states/

Demographic & Economic Data, by Race - Education

SOURCE: http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/08/22/chapter-3-demographic-economic-data-by-race/

The Persisting Large Racial Gap in SAT Score Results

The College Board has released its annual report on the SAT scores of graduating high school seniors in the Class of 2016. The data shows that the average score for Blacks on the reading section of the test was 430. This was significantly below the average score for Whites which stood at 528. The SAT is scored on a scale of 200 to 800 points. READ MORE: https://www.jbhe.com/2016/10/the-persisting-large-racial-gap-in-sat-score-results/

The Racial Gap in Reading and Mathematics Can Be Eliminated With Quality Pre-K Programs

A new study by the Center for American Progress finds that high quality preschool programs for all youngsters could significantly reduce the racial achievement gaps in reading and mathematics. The study examines the success of the Early Childhood Four-Year-Old Program in Oklahoma and the Pre-K Program of the Boston Public School System. READ MORE: https://www.jbhe.com/2016/04/the-racial-gap-in-reading-and-mathematics-can-be-eliminated-with-quality-pre-k-programs/

Educating Black Boys